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Saturday, December 4, 2010

SOCH VICHAR: Sazda

SOCH VICHAR: Sazda: "Sazde ke liye uthta hai ya dast hazaar baar…Par soch ke raj=h jata hoon……….Kis ko karoon Salam…. Unke aane ka guman sa hota hai na jane kitn..."

Sazda

Sazde ke liye uthta hai ya dast hazaar baar…
Par soch ke raj=h jata hoon……….
Kis ko karoon Salam….

Unke aane ka guman sa hota hai na jane kitni baar..
Par sochta hoon har baar…..
Shayad haseen khawab na ho…….

Mani then manntain jo unke ehle karam kee.
Ab to hai yahi iltza….
Ki who khuda ko na yaad hon.
Hai gardishe ayyam kuch raas yoon aya …..
Ab to hai yahi arzoo ki aur koe mukam na ho……….

Ummidon ki lash pe hai khadi…….
Zar zare zindgi….
Hai kaun is ka wali……..
Na maloom kab rooh fana ho.

Jaddo jahad kya kare ‘GHAYAL’ ab maut se.
Jab sham dhal chuki hai.
To kyoon na raat ho.

By the way, what is the opposite of nirvana? That we have!



10 Commandments of Good Motoring



If you don't follow the following commandants, they will become the 10 "deadly sins". There is a pun on the word "deadly". Commit these "sins" once too often and you could end up dead!

1) Thou shall not jump a red light:

The driver who has a green light may be travelling at speed and may not be able to brake in time to avoid you and your suicidal move. Collision! Deadly!

2) Thou shall not accelerate while being overtaken:

Road etiquette demands that you take your foot off the accelerator for a second or two, break your speed, let the other driver overtake. Otherwise, you'll be having a race and put both cars in danger. Can be deadly.

3) Thou shall not overtake from the right and do a left turn:

This could possibly lead to a collision because the driver going straight could be travelling faster than you. Also a suicidal move. Deadly.

4) Thou shall not horn uselessly:

Indian drivers blow the horn at the slightest excuse. It serves very little purpose other than to cause noise pollution. If you want to attract attention, flash your headlights.

5) Thou shall not drive on the wrong side of a road:

It could mean a head on collision. Avoid. Also deadly.

6) Thou shall not take short cuts:

A short cut could be a quick trip to the grave!

7) Thou shall not drive on worn-out tyres:

Worn-out tyres give no traction on the road-no braking, no cornering and no straight-line stability. Deadly.

8) Thou shall observe speed limits:

Speed limits have been set with road conditions in mind. Observe them!

9) Thou shall park properly:

Indian drivers don't park, they just simply abandon their cars! Do not inconvenience others; park sensibly and properly.

10) Thou shall respect on others on the road:

Everyone on the roads has the same rights as you. Actually, when you are driving, you have greater responsibility for the safety of pedestrians, cyclists, children, and even dogs.

Following these 10 simple commandments will be the "road to nirvana", at least on our roads. But, do we have roads? It seems the government has neither the will nor the ability to build good roads. The Gurgaon Expressway was opened in January 2008. In 24 months, 120 people have died and 1,600 have been injured. Reason: Badly designed roads.

Nirvana is a long way off.

By the way, what is the opposite of nirvana? That we have!

Hope in the Future

Hope in the Future




Dr. John Maxwell says that if there’s hope in the future there is power in the present.  The reason is simple: If there is hope in the future, that has a dramatic impact on your thinking today.  Your thinking today determines your performance today, and your performance today has a direct bearing on your future. 

Dr. Tony Campolo of Eastern College in Pennsylvania says that your past is important because it brought you to where you are, but as important as your past is, it is not nearly as important as the way you see your future.  He is saying, “I understand the problems of your past.  I know that you were abused as a child, raised by alcoholic parents, suffered through bankruptcy, depression and/or alcoholism.  You’ve gone through one or more divorces.  All of these things are traumatic events which affect the way you think and the way you act.”  In no way is Dr. Campolo denying any of the impact of your past, because many of those events are extremely significant. However, he is saying that despite all of these things, the way you see your future is even more important.

John Johnson, late publisher and owner of Ebony magazine and one of the four hundred wealthiest men in America, says that “men and women are limited not by the place of their birth, not by the colour of their skin, but by the size of their hope.”

One of my major objectives is to help you make friends with your past so you can focus on today, which will make your tomorrows even better.  By now, if you’re familiar with my material, you realize that my nature is that of an optimist – I just can’t see any point in being pessimistic.  I’m not talking about denial of reality; what I am talking about is facing reality, but facing it in an optimistic way. That’s what we’ll do every time in this column.  Bond with the concepts I’ll be sharing and I will SEE YOU AT THE TOP!

The “Seat” of your Attitude


The “Seat” of your Attitude




 I have spoken to groups of twelve and once to a throng of 60,000.  I have consistently noted one tendency in all audiences, but especially in sales organizations and leadership/management conferences.  Almost without exception the top salespeople are seated at or very close to the front, depending on their vision and the angle of the seats they have chosen.

Those people who already “know it all” or feel that they do, or those people who consider this a waste of their time or “I’ve heard it all before,” will invariably arrive late or at the last moment, unprepared. They are also the ones most likely to squirm in their seats, leave early or talk to the person next to them.

I’ve also observed that when these same people go to an athletic or entertainment event, they want the best seat in the house.  They generally arrive in plenty of time and are irritated when there are distractions from anyone else.

All of this to say that front-row people by and large come to educational or inspirational meetings with great expectations.  They come prepared to learn and take good notes.  A study at Harvard University revealed that people get the most out of meetings who (a) come with the expectation of getting great ideas, (b) take good notes, and (c) talk with colleagues about what they learned and compare notes.  This way they reinforce what they learned and pick up points they missed from the other person.  In short, these people are winners because they plan to win, prepare to win and expect to win.  That’s a good approach to life. 

Observations from a Soldier



Observations from a Soldier





Someone asked, “What did you learn in the military?”  General Powell said that the first thing he learned was that everyone was at the same level (thanks to the uniform haircut given all recruits).  Other things he learned were: To stand at attention and salute, which instilled discipline and obedience; to march in step and function as a part of a team while taking individual pride as a team member; that if he did not stay in step with the others there were undesirable consequences; and that if he performed well, both he and his team were recognized.

He pointed out that basic training physically hardens recruits and makes them respect their own bodies, enabling them to perform better.  He observed that the first week is generally so hard and the drill sergeant so demanding that most recruits develop something akin to hatred for the Sergeant.  But the hatred fades quickly.  By the second week of training, the typical recruit is doing everything he can to please his drill sergeant.  That is an amazing turn-about.  For many recruits, the discipline is translated to love and caring for them, which is a new experience for some.  The truth is, discipline is loving, just ask any parent.  Discipline is essential to every individual and crucial for teams.  No unit can ever become a potent fighting force without discipline and no life can be truly successful without it.

The criteria for becoming a successful soldier or a successful private citizen are the same.  If we learn to function as a team member, we will do so only after we’ve brought our own personal life under control and learned how to “drill.”  When you sum it all up, it really says there’s something we can do about our future.   

Lessons from the Geese Behold the Power of Teamwork


Pulling Together


Rules for High Performance Teamwork

Lessons from the Geese



Consistent application of rules of high performance teamwork ultimately generates trust, respect, unity and power within any team. Conversely, consistent violation of any one rule destroys this bond. While the author of the following is unknown, "Lessons From the Geese" is a powerful illustration from nature of the rules of high performance teamwork. As you read about the natural unity that exists among this species remember - this same unity can exist in your organization!



As geese flap their wings, they create an uplift for the bird following. By flying in a V formation, the whole flock adds 71% greater flying range than if any bird were to fly alone. If we share a common direction and a sense of community, we can get where we are going more quickly and easily because we are travelling on the thrust of one another!



Whenever a goose falls out of formation, it suddenly feels the drag and resistance of trying to fly alone, and quickly gets back into formation to take advantage of the lifting power of the bird immediately in front. If we have as much sense as geese, we will stay in formation with those who are headed where we want to go, and we will be willing to accept their help as well as give ours to others.



When the lead goose gets tired, it rotates back into formation and another goose flies at the point position. If we take turns doing the hard tasks and sharing leadership as with the geese, we become interdependent with one another. The geese in formation honk from behind to encourage those up front to keep up their speed. If we "honk," we need to make sure it is positive and encouraging.



When a goose gets sick or wounded or is shot down, two geese drop out of formation and follow it down to help and protect it. They stay with it until it is able to fly again or dies. They then launch out on their own, with another formation or catch up with the flock. If we have as much sense as geese, we too will stand by each other in difficult times, as well as when we are strong. Let us all try to fly in formation and remember to drop back to help those who might need it!



Behold the Power of Teamwork



The greatest accomplishments in life are not achieved by individuals alone, but by proactive people pulling together for a common good.

KAB KAM HONGE GAM

GUM KAM KAB HONGE....
JAB ..............
HUM........... 
HONGE....
TUM...........HOGE.........
LOVE........HOGA...


LOVE HOGA.....PYAR HOGA......MOHABBAT HOGI........


MOHABBAT HOGI....TO............
RAHMAT HOGI.....................
ROOHANIYAT HOGI


JAB YE SAB HOGA TO.......TO........
GAMON KE LIYE KOEE JAGAH HI NAHEEN BACHEGI.......


ARE TUM GUM KAM ............KARNE KO HO 
GAM KA KHATMA HO JAYEGA .......
JAB YE SAB HOGA.

The Importance of a Coach





The Importance of a Coach



As you go through life, you will meet people that have done what you want to do in life. They’ve made it! You know deep in your heart that if they can do it then you can too. So, how do you get to that level of success? Get a coach! That’s right…invest in someone who has done what you want to do in life. If you want to become successful in business, then find a coach that has made millions of dollars by building a business. DO NOT hire a coach that has never achieved success in their field! Let me give you some examples of what you should look for in a coach.

Confident – A coach must be confident. He can teach you to become successful in your field because he has already done it. Confidence comes through struggles and failures that ultimately lead to success.

Open – A coach must be willing to tell you the truth even when the truth hurts. Sometimes it’s very difficult to see that you are standing in your own way of success. A true coach will bring this to your attention.

Admirable – If you don’t respect the coach for what he has done in his career or personal life, then you most likely don’t want to hire him. A coach should be full of integrity and well respected among his peers. It’s hard to be coached by someone that you don’t look up to or even consider being a professional in the field.

Consistent – A coach must be consistent with the strategies that he is teaching. You will see many coaches that jump from idea to idea because what they are doing hasn’t worked for their clients. Ask your coach for references so that you can see if he has helped others implement strategies that have led to success.

Healthy – Yes, that’s right. A coach should lead a healthy, happy life. You shouldn’t have to hear about how bad his day was or how much he doesn’t get along with his wife. You want a coach that has a balanced lifestyle that enables him to help you with your obstacles and not concentrate on his own issues.

These are just a few things to consider when looking for that right coach that will assist you in achieving your “Why” in life. I challenge you to set a goal of hiring a personal coach, but be sure to find the right one for you!


Going to the top

Going to the top


Dave Longaberger graduated from high school at age 20. He repeated first grade and three-peated fifth grade. He reads at the eighth-grade level, stutters, and has epilepsy.

In 1996, his company, The Longaberger Company sold more than $525 million in handmade baskets, pottery, fabric, and other home decor items through 36,000 independent sales consultants. How did it happen?

Dave possesses an entrepreneurial spirit. As a child working in a grocery store, he learned that the way to please the boss was to figure out what the boss wanted and get it done. He studied people and learned that work could be fun and he did a better job when he enjoyed his work.

In the army Dave learned about uniformity, control, consistency and Central Headquarters. He also learned to be a risk taker and not a gambler.

Eventually Dave bought a grocery store and ran it very successfully. All the time he was preparing for bigger and better things. His optimism, patience and hard work enabled him to overcome many difficulties. We all can learn from the lessons that Dave learned on the way to the top.

Challenging times

The Indian banking sector which demonstrated a high degree of resilience during the global economic crisis is facing the challenges of meeting the financial needs of a fast growing economy. Inevitably, there have been stresses and strains. According to the Reserve Bank of India's annual report on ‘Trends and Progress of Banking in India,' the performance of commercial banks during 2009-10 was subdued.

A slowdown in deposit growth caused a deceleration in the disbursement of credit. Consequently, their combined balance sheets expanded at a slower rate. Their net profits have been growing but at a slower rate. All other parameters, such as the return on assets and on equity, corroborate the point that their profitability is under stress. At the aggregate level, non-performing assets (NPAs) have been increasing. Although not alarming, the deterioration in asset quality underlines the need for banks to step up the provisions, especially at a time when the enhanced Basel II capital norms take effect.

While Indian banks are comfortably placed for now, they will have to shore up their capital base in the future. On the positive side, banks have been extending their geographical coverage through their branches and ATMs, thereby bringing about financial inclusion across the country.

The RBI has been gradually shifting its policy focus from crisis management to recovery management. In fact, some of its more recent measures aim at preventing the creation of an asset bubble in the residential property markets in big cities. Over the past year, there has been a renewed policy emphasis on customer service, promoting the free flow of credit to small and medium enterprises, and adopting the latest technology. Outside India, and especially in the West, concerns have remained over downside risks, especially those relating to profitability and quality of assets. Major banks that were rescued with public money need to regain their standing and identity by ending their dependence on emergency support measures from the exchequer.

As the RBI points out, there are important lessons from the global economic crisis for banking policies. The need for regulation to stay ahead of innovation has been well understood, as evidenced by the central bank's cautious approach to the introduction of new products, such as credit default swaps and certain types of derivatives. Having shielded the financial sector from the worst consequences of the economic crisis, the RBI is preparing the ground for new policy initiatives, including the licensing of new banks.


Focusing on your results is dangerous, How to build momentum and stay motivated every day

Focusing on your results is dangerous
How to build momentum and stay motivated every day!
I'm so mad at myself!" she said as we began our coaching call. "I made a goal to get ten new clients last week and I only got three," she lamented. The frustration in her voice was something I used to experience as well - until I came to a profound realization:  Focusing on your results is dangerous.

I used to keep charts all over my office to fill in the names of the people who signed up for my Coaching Program and Retreats.  Even after hours of marketing efforts, I would feel defeated if I wasn't able to fill in all of those spaces at the end of the week.  My definition of success was only based on results. I was placing all my focus and energy on something I had very little control over. Think about it; you really can't make your prospect buy your product or say yes to your opportunity. 

So why give so much power to an element that you cannot control?

What you can do is show your prospect enough intriguing information, in a passionate way, on a consistent basis, that will touch, move, and inspire them to make their own choice.  The only factor you have complete control over is your efforts!  So let's talk today about how you can shift your mindset, release the control the results, and focus on your efforts.

First, decide how many people you are willing to share your product or opportunity with. Again, the only part of the sales process you have control over is your efforts and the quantity of prospecting attempts you will make. What is that number for you?  Powerfully choose how many people you are willing to prospect and be fiercely committed to it.

Next, realize that the other aspect of selling you have control over is the number of no's you are willing to take without giving up; or better said, how many no's you're willing to take and still stay motivated, excited, and inspired. The most effective way to do this is to embrace the Law of Average (LOA). Think of it scientifically. How many prospects do you need to share your opportunity with to get a yes? In other words... How many no's do you have to receive to get a yes? 

For most sales people that number is 10. When I realized this truth, I got freed up of the frustrations that come for 'getting a no'. Getting a no is just a part of selling.  The more yes's you get and the bigger you want to grow your business, the more no's you've got to be willing to receive!

When I was in Network Marketing I did an interesting experiment that helped me focus on my efforts and stay motivated. First, I knew that, on average, I made $500 on each sale. Then I divided that amount by 10, the number of no's I had to received in order to get a yes (L.O.A.). That meant I made $50 every time I got a no! I actually taped a $50 bill to my phone and every time I got a no, I'd hang up the phone and say, "Thanks for the fifty bucks!"

Free yourself up from trying so hard to convince, persuade, and control your prospects. Let go of the results. Put your energy and power into your efforts and you will be an incredible force. Your prospect will sense your unique and confident posture and will want what you have.  Think of how powerful you will be when you release what you don't have control over and fervently grasp what you do.

The only factor you have complete control over is your efforts!  What this really takes is a shift in your mindset. Evaluate the goals you've set and discern if they depend on your efforts or results. Instead of setting the goal of five new business associates, set the goal to put 50 new prospects in your recruiting pipeline. Instead of setting a goal of selling 100 widgets, set your goal to put your widget in front of 10,000 new prospects.

The incredible success I have experienced since I shifted attention to efforts instead of results has been nothing short of amazing! And it will be the same for you... The only factor you have complete control over is your efforts! And your efforts are all you need to get the incredible results you desire.

KETAN: HAR LAMHA YAAD HAI

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What is the secret we must not forget even as we lead our normal lives?

All things that are seen are transient and unreal. God alone is eternal and real. Attachment with objects ends in grief. God is your own Reality and this Reality, that is, the God in you, has no relationship with the changing transitory objective world. He is only Pure Consciousness. Even if you posit some relationship for it, it can only be the type that exists between the dreamer and the objects seen and experienced in dreams.

Friday, December 3, 2010

What should be the focus of teachers and students in the present times?

Among students today, we do not find the spirit of focus, singleness of purpose and fraternal co-operation. Sadbhava (good feelings) and Sathsanga (good company) have become rare; mutual love and yearning for good company have weakened. “As the ruler (Raja), so the ruled (Praja),” says the proverb. “As the teacher, so the pupil” seems to be equally true. Realizing this, teachers, therefore, have to be interested in high thinking and a life steeped in renunciation.

A PERSONAL OPENION OF A BUSY BODY







































I am not a psychologist, neither am I a doctor....I am just another normal person living a very normal life. Experience of living among different communities have taught me a great deal, but there is one subject that really interests me: COMMUNICATION.


To me, a lay person, in order to make a relationship work and successful, the key word here is 'COMMUNICATION'. When two or more people working towards a common objective for the benefit of all concerned, FAIL to relate to each other, the relationship is doomed to fail at one stage or the other. No matter what kind of relationship these people would try to establish, it is going to be difficult, because there is either no or very little communication. To get things done, people need to talk...to relate to each other. And not only just talking.....there are many ways of getting ideas, feelings, disagreement, etc, across.....after all this is the age of technology!


No one can change a person unless he or she wants to be changed. Therefore, it has to start with the person him/herself. For me, perhaps I have been too vocal or too demanding or too suspicious or too gullible, but I will not know this if my working or living partner or anyone does not TELL me about this. TELLING is COMMUNICATING. And the 'silence' or 'playing dumb' syndrome is certainly not helping in building a successful relationship. A student of mine once said to me, " Silence is one way of communicating", and I said, "Yeah....but whatever relationship or friendship you're intent on building is now doomed to fail, because not everyone is a psychic or a mind reader...."


The Almighty gives us the power to communicate.....the ability to relate, so use it (wisely......)
REACH OUT if you need help...SPEAK OUT when you have something to say (right or wrong!)
And don't act dumb if you're not dumb! SILENCE is NOT always 'golden'.


Just a personal opinion of a busy body

Thursday, December 2, 2010

How can we attain and experience God

The process of purifying the inner equipment of man in the crucible of single-pointed speech, feeling and activity, directed towards God is called thapas (penance). The inner consciousness will then be rid of all blemishes and defects.  When the inner consciousness has been rendered pure and unsullied, God will reside therein. Finally, he will experience the vision of the Lord Himself, within him.

How should we deal with our senses?

Every sense runs after external objects one after the other, one supporting the other, restlessly and miserably. One must bring under control the mind, the reasoning faculty and the senses which roam aimlessly behind objective pleasures. One must train them to take on the task of concentrating all attention on the glory and majesty of God to follow one systematic course of one-pointed discipline. Bring them all and lead them towards the Higher Path. Their unlicensed behaviour has to be curbed. They must be educated by means of japa (chanting God’s name), dhyana (meditation) or noble deeds, or some other dedicatory and elevating activity that purifies and ennobles.

How to cultivate the vision of unity?

When viewed without the twin distortions of like and dislike, love and hate - all forms, all effects, and all causes are experienced only as Brahman (Divinity). When the vision is affected by love or hate, each form, effect and cause, appears different from the rest.  When feelings are calm and balanced, the many is experienced as the one.  An agitated mind can never have a single vision. It runs along contrary lines, so it experiences the world, nature, and the cosmos as separate from God. Such vision also creates division. Serene vision reveals unity. As is the vision, so is the impression, the view of the world.

How to protect ourselves from various traps that surround us?

You must exercise constant watchfulness over your feelings and reactions. You must keep out selfishness, envy, anger, greed and other such evil tendencies from entering your minds. These are nets which entrap you; these vices overwhelm and subdue your holiness, so that you cannot be influenced any longer. Then you forget yourself and behave like an individual caught in frenzy. You blabber as your tongue dictates without regard to the effect - good or evil and engage in those works which your hands favour. Be aware and keep them in control! If you carefully discriminate, you can be recognised by the good company you keep, the noble works you delight in and the good words you utter.

WHAT TO DO WITH REJECTED GIFTS

Buddha was seated alone one day, and later, some men gathered around him. One among them who did not like his teachings and the effect it had on the people, got up and started a tirade in very vulgar terms against him. Buddha sat smiling listening to all that calumny, without a single gesture of disapproval. The man got frothy in the mouth through rage, his vocabulary was fast getting exhausted, his tongue began to show signs of overwork, but, Buddha only asked him with a smile: "Brother, have you finished?” The man said, "You have no sense of shame: you do not even react when I abuse you. You are thick skinned; you are, a log of wood.” Buddha asked him, "If a person does not accept a gift, what happens to it?" He said, "It remains with the giver.” "Well, keep these gifts of abusive words with you, brother! I do not accept and react.”

Sunday, November 28, 2010

IT IS NOT FOR THE OLD

Interview with Sam Pitroda, Advisor to the Prime Minister
 on public information infrastructure and innovations

India had 10 million broadband subscribers in October 2010, as against China’s 113 million. Ten million is only 50 per cent of the target set by the Department of Telecommunications’ Broadband Policy, announced in 2004. Even these subscribers don’t get the committed bandwidth from the operators. India’s broadband penetration, too, is abysmally low at less than 1 per cent. It is a yawning gap compared with other Asian countries such as South Korea, which has 100 per cent penetration. Sam Pitroda, advisor to the Prime Minister on public information infrastructure and innovations, has a tough task ahead to roll out Mission Broadband. In his second stint to bring a revolution in telecom, Pitroda tells BW’s M. Rajendran why he is in a hurry to finish the job. Excerpts from the interview:

What is the biggest challenge in Mission Broadband?

Mission Broadband is about to begin. One challenge is connecting people on mobile telephones, through WIMAX, 3G and other technologies. But the real big challenge is to provide the backhaul, which is fibre.

Fast Facts

Subscribers:
India has 10 million broadband subscribers
Penetration:
Broadband penetration in India is less than 1%
Technology:
More than 85% broadband subscribers in India use DSL technology
Broadband leaders:
China (112.59 million), US (87 million)

We are focused on two major national programmes by the government, besides what the private players will do. One is related to the National Knowledge Commission, headed by R. Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister along with S.V. Raghavan and the National Informatics Centre (NIC) headed by B.K. Girola. They are working to connect 1,500 nodes, with ultimate aim to provide 40 gigabit (GB) bandwidth. To begin with, it would be 2 GB, 10 GB and then 40 GB, to connect all our universities and all our research and development institutions, colleges, and that network will grow.

Wouldn’t such a network need huge investment and time to complete?

Such a network would need an investment of $2 billion. It would be set up over a period of two years. National Knowledge Network’s (NKN) funding of Rs 7,000 crore has been approved by the Cabinet and since we currently use the existing infrastructure, there is no need for additional funding.

How will the existing networks be used?

This will form the backbone of all the existing networks. We will consolidate this network with some of the existing networks like eRNET. We have lots of bits and pieces of networks based on different technologies like the satellite-based networks. All such networks will get added to the backbone.

This would give the government the ability to connect securely 250,000 panchayats to fibre. It can be done; we already have 1 million km of fibre underground, which is under-utilised. We want to use that fibre and add another 200,000-300,000 km of fibre. That’s the last mile fibre, so it doesn’t have to be underground, and we can pull it over the power-line. That would give the network a capacity to connect to the 2,50,000 panchayats, to fibre, that would need huge bandwidth.

The investment required for that would be Rs 15,000 crore and that money is already available in the Universal Service Obligation fund. It is the best way to use that money.

How secure is the network? What about the hardware and software?

This network will also have high levels of security. It will be sanitised properly, so when one enters this pipe, for R&D purposes or any other activity, they will have a better control on it. We will give priority to using our own products (manufactured in India). We are looking at designing routers for such networks in India, so we can have better control.

So it would be a government-owned infrastructure?

It will be a purely government owned and operated infrastructure. We need public information infrastructure that will be a National Knowledge Network (NKN). We have already connected 2,500 municipalities with fibre. If we do it consistently and manage it effectively, we will have robust public information infrastructure.

We also need to create platforms for the Unique Identity project, because it will need a lot of bandwidth. Bandwidth is something that if you have enough, public will know how to use it. Our effort is to democratise information. We need hundreds of megabits at panchayats, not 256 kilobits or 512 kilobits.

In India, the definition of broadband is that we get 2 mbps. That is slow compared to global standards. What should be the definition of broadband?

It should be minimum 10 mbps, and soon 100 mbps. It is achievable in India.

What would one do with such speeds apart from using it for entertainment?

You give it (broadband) to the young and they will figure out what to do with it. Broadband is not for the old. Give the college or university kid 100 megabyte; they will know the applications for that. The customer base is 550 million young people below the age of 25 years. We need to build infrastructure for them and not for today’s government infrastructure.